ACC 303 Week 3 Quiz 2

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ACC 303 Week 3 Quiz 2

ACC 303 Week 3 Quiz 2

All Questions Included.

 

TRUE-FALSE—Conceptual

 

1.  The conceptual framework for accounting has been discovered through empirical research.

 

2.  A conceptual framework is a coherent system of interrelated objectives and fundamentals that can lead to consistent standards.

 

3.  The first level of the conceptual framework identifies the recognition and measurement concepts used in establishing accounting standards.

 

4.  The IASB has issued a conceptual framework that is broadly consistent with that of theUnited States.

 

5.  Although the FASB intends to develop a conceptual framework, no Statements of Financial Accounting Concepts have been issued to date.

 

6.  Decision usefulness is the underlying theme of the conceptual framework.

 

7.  Users of financial statements are assumed to have no knowledge of business and financial accounting matters by financial statement preparers.

 

8.  Relevance and reliability are the two primary qualities that make accounting information useful for decision making.

 

9.  The idea of consistency does not mean that companies cannot switch from one accounting method to another.

 

10.  Timeliness and neutrality are two ingredients of relevance.

 

11.  Verifiability and predictive value are two ingredients of reliability.

 

12.  Revenues, gains, and distributions to owners all increase equity.

 

13.  Comprehensive income includes all changes in equity during a period except those resulting from investments by owners and distributions to owners.

 

14.  The historical cost principle would be of limited usefulness if not for the going concern assumption.

 

15.  The economic entity assumption means that economic activity can be identified with a particular legal entity.

 

16.  The expense recognition principle states that debits must equal credits in each transaction.

 

17.  Revenues are realizable when assets received or held are readily convertible into cash or claims to cash.

 

18.  Supplementary information may include details or amounts that present a different perspective from that adopted in the financial statements.

 

19.  Companies consider only quantitative factors in determining whether an item is material.

20.  Conservatism in accounting means the accountant should attempt to understate assets and income when possible.

 

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE—Conceptual

 

21.     Generally accepted accounting principles

a.   are fundamental truths or axioms that can be derived from laws of nature.

b.   derive their authority from legal court proceedings.

c.   derive their credibility and authority from general recognition and acceptance by the accounting profession.

d.   have been specified in detail in the FASB conceptual framework.

 

22.     A soundly developed conceptual framework of concepts and objectives should

a.   increase financial statement users’ understanding of and confidence in financial reporting.

b.   enhance comparability among companies’ financial statements.

c.   allow new and emerging practical problems to be more quickly solved.

d.   all of these.

 

23.     Which of the following (a-c) are not true concerning a conceptual framework in account-ing?

a.   It should be a basis for standard-setting.

b.   It should allow practical problems to be solved more quickly by reference to it.

c.   It should be based on fundamental truths that are derived from the laws of nature.

d.   All of the above (a-c) are true.

 

24.     What is a purpose of having a conceptual framework?

a.   To enable the profession to more quickly solve emerging practical problems.

b.   To provide a foundation from which to build more useful standards.

c.   Neither a nor b.

d.   Both a and b.

 

S25.     Which of the following is not a benefit associated with the FASB Conceptual Framework Project?

a.   A conceptual framework should increase financial statement users’ understanding of and confidence in financial reporting.

b.   Practical problems should be more quickly solvable by reference to an existing conceptual framework.

c.   A coherent set of accounting standards and rules should result.

d.   Business entities will need far less assistance from accountants because the financial reporting process will be quite easy to apply.

26.     In the conceptual framework for financial reporting, what provides “the why”–the goals and purposes of accounting?

a.   Measurement and recognition concepts such as assumptions, principles, and constraints

b.   Qualitative characteristics of accounting information

c.   Elements of financial statements

d.   Objectives of financial reporting

 

27.     The underlying theme of the conceptual framework is

a.   decision usefulness.

b.   understandability.

c.   reliability.

d.   comparability.

 

28.     Which of the following is not an objective of financial reporting?

a.   To provide information about economic resources, the claims to those resources, and the changes in them.

b.   To provide information that is helpful to investors and creditors and other users in assessing the amounts, timing, and uncertainty of future cash flows.

c.   To provide information that is useful to those making investment and credit decisions.

d.   All of these are objectives of financial reporting.

 

P29.     The objectives of financial reporting include all of the following except to provide information that

a.   is useful to the Internal Revenue Service in allocating the tax burden to the business community.

b.   is useful to those making investment and credit decisions.

c.   is helpful in assessing future cash flows.

d.   identifies the economic resources (assets), the claims to those resources (liabilities), and the changes in those resources and claims.

 

30.     What is a primary objective of financial reporting as indicated in the conceptual framework?

a.   provide information that is useful to those making investing and credit decisions.

b.   provide information that is useful to management.

c.   provide information about those investing in the entity.

d.   All of the above.

 

31.     What is a primary objective of financial reporting as indicated in the conceptual framework?

a.   Provide information that is helpful to present and potential investors, creditors, and other users in assessing the amounts, timing, and uncertainty of future cash flows.

b.   Provide information that is helpful to present investors, creditors, and other users in assessing the amounts, timing, and uncertainty of future cash flows.

c.   Provide information that is helpful to potential investors, creditors, and other users in assessing the amounts, timing, and uncertainty of future cash flows.

d.   None of the above.

 

 

32.     Which of the following is a primary characteristic of useful accounting information?

a.   Comparability.

b.   Relevance.

c.   Consistency.

d.   Materiality.

 

33.     Which of the following is a primary characteristic of useful accounting information?

a.   Conservatism.

b.   Comparability.

c.   Reliability.

d.   Consistency.

 

34.     What is meant by comparability when discussing financial accounting information?

a.   Information has predictive or feedback value.

b.   Information is reasonably free from error.

c.   Information that is measured and reported in a similar fashion across companies.

d.   Information is timely.

 

35.     What is meant by consistency when discussing financial accounting information?

a.   Information that is measured and reported in a similar fashion across points in time.

b.   Information is timely.

c.   Information is measured similarly across the industry.

d.   Information is verifiable.

 

36.     Which of the following is an ingredient of relevance?

a.   Verifiability.

b.   Representational faithfulness.

c.   Neutrality.

d.   Timeliness.

 

37.     Which of the following is an ingredient of reliability?

a.   Predictive value.

b.   Timeliness.

c.   Neutrality.

d.   Feedback value.

 

38.     Changing the method of inventory valuation should be reported in the financial statements under what qualitative characteristic of accounting information?

a.   Consistency.

b.   Verifiability.

c.   Timeliness.

d.   Comparability.

 

39.     Company A issuing its annual financial reports within one month of the end of the year is an example of which ingredient of primary quality of accounting information?

a.   Neutrality.

b.   Timeliness.

c.   Predictive value.

d.   Representational faithfulness.

 

 

40.     What is the quality of information that enables users to better forecast future operations?

a.   Reliability.

b.   Materiality.

c.   Comparability.

d.   Relevance.

 

41.     Representational faithfulness is an ingredient of which primary quality of information?

a.   Reliability.

b.   Comparability.

c.   Relevance.

d.   Consistency.

 

42.     Decision makers vary widely in the types of decisions they make, the methods of decision making they employ, the information they already possess or can obtain from other sources, and their ability to process information. Consequently, for information to be useful there must be a linkage between these users and the decisions they make. This link is

a.   relevance.

b.   reliability.

c.   understandability.

d.   materiality.

 

43.     The overriding criterion by which accounting information can be judged is that of

a.   usefulness for decision making.

b.   freedom from bias.

c.   timeliness.

d.   comparability.

 

44.     The two primary qualities that make accounting information useful for decision making are

a.   comparability and consistency.

b.   materiality and timeliness.

c.   relevance and reliability.

d.   reliability and comparability.

 

45.     Accounting information is considered to be relevant when it

a.   can be depended on to represent the economic conditions and events that it is intended to represent.

b.   is capable of making a difference in a decision.

c.   is understandable by reasonably informed users of accounting information.

d.   is verifiable and neutral.

 

46.     The quality of information that gives assurance that it is reasonably free of error and bias and is a faithful representation is

a.   relevance.

b.   reliability.

c.   verifiability.

d.   neutrality.

 

47.     According to Statement of Financial Accounting Concepts No. 2, which of the following relates to both relevance and reliability?

a.   Materiality

b.   Understandability

c.   Usefulness

d.   All of these

48.     According to Statement of Financial Accounting Concepts No. 2, timeliness is an ingredient of the primary quality of

Relevance              Reliability

a.            Yes                        Yes

b.             No                         Yes

c.            Yes                         No

d.             No                         No

 

49.     According to Statement of Financial Accounting Concepts No. 2, verifiability is an ingredient of the primary quality of

Relevance              Reliability

a.            Yes                         No

b.            Yes                        Yes

c.             No                         No

d.             No                         Yes

 

50.     According to Statement of Financial Accounting Concepts No. 2, neutrality is an ingredient of the primary quality of

Relevance              Reliability

a.            Yes                        Yes

b.             No                         Yes

c.            Yes                         No

d.             No                         No

 

51.     Information is neutral if it

a.   provides benefits which are at least equal to the costs of its preparation.

b.   can be compared with similar information about an enterprise at other points in time.

c.   would have no impact on a decision maker.

d.   is free from bias toward a predetermined result.

 

52.     The characteristic that is demonstrated when a high degree of consensus can be secured among independent measurers using the same measurement methods is

a.   relevance.

b.   reliability.

c.   verifiability.

d.   neutrality.

 

53.     According to Statement of Financial Accounting Concepts No. 2, predictive value is an ingredient of the primary quality of

Relevance              Reliability

a.            Yes                         No

b.            Yes                        Yes

c.             No                         No

d.             No                         Yes

 

54.     Under Statement of Financial Accounting Concepts No. 2, representational faithfulness is an ingredient of the primary quality of

Reliability              Relevance

a.            Yes                        Yes

b.             No                         Yes

c.            Yes                         No

d.             No                         No

55.     Financial information does not demonstrate consistency when

a.   firms in the same industry use different accounting methods to account for the same type of transaction.

b.   a company changes its estimate of the salvage value of a fixed asset.

c.   a company fails to adjust its financial statements for changes in the value of the measuring unit.

d.   none of these.

 

56.     Financial information exhibits the characteristic of consistency when

a.   expenses are reported as charges against revenue in the period in which they are paid.

b.   accounting entities give accountable events the same accounting treatment from period to period.

c.   extraordinary gains and losses are not included on the income statement.

d.   accounting procedures are adopted which give a consistent rate of net income.

 

57.     Information about different entities and about different periods of the same entity can be prepared and presented in a similar manner. Comparability and consistency are related to which of these objectives?

Comparability         Consistency

a.         Entities                  Entities

b.         Entities                  Periods

c.         Periods                  Entities

d.         Periods                  Periods

 

58.     When information about two different enterprises has been prepared and presented in a similar manner, the information exhibits the characteristic of

a.   relevance.

b.   reliability.

c.   consistency.

d.   none of these.

 

59.     The elements of financial statements include investments by owners. These are increases in an entity’s net assets resulting from owners’

a.   transfers of assets to the entity.

b.   rendering services to the entity.

c.   satisfaction of liabilities of the entity.

d.   all of these.

 

60.     In classifying the elements of financial statements, the primary distinction between revenues and gains is

a.   the materiality of the amounts involved.

b.   the likelihood that the transactions involved will recur in the future.

c.   the nature of the activities that gave rise to the transactions involved.

d.   the costs versus the benefits of the alternative methods of disclosing the transactions involved.

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